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De Bello Gallico 1

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Chapter 1 [Oct. 19th, 2006|09:11 pm]
De Bello Gallico 1


Gallia est omnis divisa in partis tris, quarum unam incolunt Belgae, aliam Aquitani, tertiam qui ipsorum lingua Celtae, nostra Galli appellantur. Hi omnes lingua, institutis, legibus inter se differunt. Gallos ab Aquitanis Garumna flumen, a Belgis Matrona et Sequana dividit. Horum omnium fortissimi sunt Belgae, propterea quod a cultu atque humanitate provinciae longissime absunt, minimeque ad eos mercatores saepe commeant atque ea quae ad effeminandos animos pertinent important, proximique sunt Germanis, qui trans Rhenum incolunt, quibuscum continenter bellum gerunt. Qua de causa Helvetii quoque reliquos Gallos virtute praecedunt, quod fere cotidianis proeliis cum Germanis contendunt, cum aut suis finibus eos prohibent aut ipsi in eorum finibus bellum gerunt. Eorum una, pars, quam Gallos obtinere dictum est, initium capit a flumine Rhodano, continetur Garumna flumine, Oceano, finibus Belgarum, attingit etiam ab Sequanis et Helvetiis flumen Rhenum, vergit ad septentriones. Belgae ab extremis Galliae finibus oriuntur, pertinent ad inferiorem partem fluminis Rheni, spectant in septentrionem et orientem solem. Aquitania a Garumna flumine ad Pyrenaeos montes et eam partem Oceani quae est ad Hispaniam pertinet; spectat inter occasum solis et septentriones.

From: jacobus_magnus
2006-10-21 09:13 pm (UTC)
I did this cold, not using my 'cheat sheet', jus' muh dickshunairy

NB: Square brackets [] are for interpolated words that make for better English.

All [of] Gaul is divided into three parts, one of which the Belgies inhabit, the other the Aquitanians, the the third [those] who, in their own language are called Celts, in ours, the Gauls. These all differ among themselves by language, customs and laws. The river Garumna separates the Gauls from the Aquitanians, the Matrona & Seine [the Gauls] from the Belgies. The boldest/bravest/strongest of all these are the Belgies, because they are furthest removed from the refined culture of the province; seldom do merchants traffic with them, nor do they import things which contribute to feminizing the spirit, Nearby are the Germans, who live across the Rhine, with whom they constantly wage war. For which reason the Helvetians also surpass the other Gauls in manliness, since they generally contend with the Germans in daily battles, to keep them [the Germans] from their [the Gauls'] lands, and wage themselves wage war in their [the Germans] lands. One part of those, which (it has been said) the Gauls possess, makes a beginning from the Rhone river, is bounded by the river Garumna, the Ocean, and the Belgians borders, reaches also to the Rhine river, [opposite ?] from the Helvetians and Sequani, [and then] veers to the North. The Belgians originate at the extreme edge of Gaul, reach to the lower part of the Rhine river, look[ing] toward the northeast. Aguitania reaches from the Garumna river to the Pyrenees mountains, and the part of the Ocean which extends to Spain; it faces the Northwest.

Is this what we want? I don't know. Let me know..

1) I must say, I couldn't get clear about the difference between "humanitas" and "cultus". They seemed like two serial synonyms. I choose to meld them here.

2) the verb 'pertinere' before the 'ad efiminandos animos' is troublsome. The meaning is perfectly clear, but I didn't like anything suggested by muh dickshunairy. I chose 'contribute', even though that English word is further removed from the Latin sense than some other choices. One source suggests 'tends to' but I found that unsatisfying.

3) "Etiam and etiam! What is 'etiam'? I hate these little feckin' words!

4) My use of the word 'veer' to translate 'vergit' doesn't seem well supported by my Bantam dictionary, but I think it captures the sense. Could means 'slopes down towards the north'? Unknown, Captain.

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[User Picture]From: autumnheat
2006-10-23 06:56 pm (UTC)
Salve Jacobus,

I have been out of town all weekend but I will post tonight.

P.S. Love the picture.

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